Cardiac surgeons have special training and certification in performing heart surgery. A cardiac surgeon falls under the category of a cardiothoracic surgeon who focuses on the heart, its valves, and tissues. They also focus on the major veins and arteries surrounding the heart. Organs of the upper abdomen, including the lungs, esophagus, and heart, are the focus area that falls under the key area of specialization of a general cardiothoracic surgeon.
A cardiac surgeon specializes in surgery for congenital heart defects that may be hereditary. The cardiac operations are mostly performed on newborns and children, but they can also be performed on adults in cases of emergencies. Cardiologists are often confused as cardiac surgeons, However, they are not specialized in diagnosing and treating heart problems that need operating. A cardiologist usually conducts diagnostic tests and assists patients with persistent heart diseases. They may also do minor surgical treatments but not serious cardiac procedures.
A cardiac surgeon is educated to operate on the body's heart and blood arteries, as well as associated parts.
The following are some of the operations and therapies provided by a Cardiac Surgeon:
Cardiothoracic surgeon: A cardiothoracic surgeon is also popularly known as a general thoracic surgeon. These surgeons are specialized to operate on the organs and tissues of the chest, heart, main blood vessels, lungs, and esophagus. Some thoracic surgeons prefer to specialize in the heart, pericardium, and major blood arteries specifically. Others may prefer to concentrate on problems other than the heart and major blood arteries.
Cardiac congenital or pediatric surgeon: A congenital or pediatric heart surgeon specializes in operating and treating the structural defects or malformations that occur during birth or are hereditary. Problems with heart valves, perforations in the walls of the heart, between the heart's chambers, and other factors can all contribute and lead to the need for surgery in a child.
Additionally, Some cardiac surgeons may receive their specialization in treating adult heart defects while others may choose to work exclusively on rare heart defects.
Some of the diagnostic tests that can be ordered by a Cardiac surgeon are mentioned below:
When a person is suffering from any of the following they may be referred to a cardiac surgeon by their general physicians:
A medical procedure will begin after an expert consultation during which your surgeon can ask you about the medical records and medical history.
You can anticipate the following: